Policy analysis of new College Entrance Examination comprehensive Reform in Shaanxi province

2022-07-11 0 By

What is the new college entrance examination reform?The new college entrance examination is a systematic and comprehensive reform, which aims to establish a set of classified examination, comprehensive evaluation and multiple admission.From the “college entrance examination policy, academic level examination, comprehensive quality evaluation, examination enrollment, education and teaching” five levels of easy to understand the relevant policies of provincial and municipal college entrance examination comprehensive reform.In order to answer the questions of parents and students, I will share the relevant policies in the first level of college entrance examination policy with you for your reference.What are the main reasons for college entrance Examination reform?The college entrance examination reform is the overall design of the college entrance examination enrollment system, is a comprehensive, systematic and comprehensive reform, the content mainly includes four aspects: one is to deepen reform of ordinary high school proficiency test and adhere to the basic, outstanding selectivity, mainly includes the examination subjects, examination content, examination organization, object, examination arrangements, performance, etc.Second, we will deepen the reform of the national unified college entrance examination, which mainly includes examination subjects, composition of college entrance examination results, requirements for selective examination subjects, and improved enrollment methods.Third, we will deepen the reform of entrance examinations for vocational colleges by category, mainly including separate entrance examinations for vocational colleges and spring college entrance examinations for vocational education.Fourth, deepen the comprehensive quality evaluation reform of ordinary senior high school students, establish a scientific comprehensive evaluation system, and promote the overall and individual development of students.Shaanxi province will start from the first grade of senior high school students entering in autumn 2022, and officially implement the new examination and enrollment system in 2025.Starting from 2025, a new mechanism will be established for college enrollment based on the results of the unified college entrance examination and the academic proficiency test of ordinary high schools, with reference to comprehensive quality evaluation, referred to as “two bases, one reference”.Which course selection mode will Shaanxi province adopt?Shaanxi province will adopt a “3+1+2” selection model, namely: 3 (Chinese, mathematics and foreign language are required) +1(physics and history are required) +2 (chemistry, biology, ideological politics and geography are required).In theory, there are 12 combinations of subjects, which candidates should choose according to their own interests, aspirations, advantages and the requirements of higher school enrollment as well as the conditions of running ordinary high schools. The specific combinations are as follows: 03 What is the difference between the implementation of “3+1+2” mode and the traditional liberal arts and sciences?The pattern of “3+1+2” is essentially different from the traditional arts and sciences.First, the goal orientation is different.The mode of “3+1+2” not only reflects the basic role of physics and history, but also highlights the requirements of different disciplines in colleges and universities to select talents. It also pays more attention to the overall development of students and the improvement of their comprehensive quality.Second, the choice of subject combination is different.The mode of “3+1+2″ allows students to choose among 12 combinations according to their hobbies, interests and specialties, the enrollment requirements of the schools and majors they plan to apply for, and the conditions of running high schools.However, there are only two fixed combinations for candidates to choose from in traditional arts and sciences.Among them, liberal arts students can only choose one fixed combination of ideology and politics, history and geography, while science students can only choose one fixed combination of physics, chemistry and biology.Third, the exam content is different.”3+1+2” mode, students take the national unified college entrance examination of Chinese, mathematics, foreign language three subjects of the examination, regardless of arts and science, all examinees examination papers are completely the same.But the traditional mathematics examination subject of arts and science branch, the content and difficulty of the paper are differentiated.Why choose one of physics and history and two of the other four?According to the “3+1+2” system, students are required to choose one of the two preferred subjects of history and physics, and two of the four secondary subjects of ideology and politics, geography, chemistry and biology.The main consideration of this setting is: first, it reflects the needs of talent training.It is generally believed that physics is the basic discipline of natural science and history is the basic discipline of humanities and social science in the cultivation of talents in colleges and universities.Studying physics or history in high school is an important foundation for studying natural science or humanities and social science in college, as well as other interdisciplinary subjects.Therefore, taking these two subjects as the preferred subjects is conducive to laying a solid foundation for students to enter the university to carry out professional learning, and is conducive to the cultivation of students in relevant majors in colleges and universities.Second, it accords with the teaching practice of ordinary senior high school education.Taking physics and history as one of the candidates’ first choice of subjects can effectively link up with existing teachers and classrooms to guide students from different regions and middle schools to choose subjects reasonably, plan their academic careers scientifically, and lay a solid professional foundation for further study in universities.Third, it is conducive to the diversified growth and development of students.Students can take the alternative exam in two of the four optional subjects. There are theoretically 12 combinations.Compared with the combination of arts and sciences before the reform, it not only increases the choice of students, but also promotes the integration of arts and sciences. It fully embodies the principle of people-oriented, learning what students are good at and testing their strengths. It is more in line with the law of education development and the law of talent growth, and provides more opportunities for students to grow up.How are the gaokao scores composed?The total score of the examinee consists of the scores of the three subjects of the national College Entrance Examination, Chinese, Mathematics and Foreign Language, and the scores of the examinee’s three elective subjects.Among them, the unified college entrance examination of Chinese, mathematics, foreign language 3 subjects, each subject full marks are 150 points, the total score of 450 points, each subject are included in the total score of the examinee with the original score.In the selective test of high school scholastic Ability, the original score of one of the two preferred subjects, physics and history, will be counted as the total score of the examinee.The maximum score for each of the two optional subjects of ideology and politics, Geography, chemistry and biology will be 100 points, and the score will be counted in the total score of the college entrance examination.Why are physics and history included in the total score according to the original score?Candidates who take physics and those who take history will queue up for admission.Therefore, candidates who choose physics (or history) will use the same physics (or history) paper, with the same test groups and comparable results, and can use the original scores to count towards the candidate’s total score.Why are political science, geography, chemistry and biology graded?Candidates with the same preferred subjects can choose different subjects to be included in the results of the college entrance examination according to their personal interests and specialties and the requirements of the subjects selected by college admissions among ideological and political subjects, geography, chemistry and biology.As a result of the difference in difficulty of different subject examination questions and the examinee group that enters oneself for an examination of corresponding subject are different, the original cent that chooses the subject does not have comparability.Examinee A chose to take the ideological and political examination, examinee B chose to take the chemistry examination, and they both scored 80 points. Examinee A ranked the 100th of all examinees taking the ideological and political examination, and examinee B ranked the 1000th of all examinees taking the chemistry examination.It is neither scientific nor fair to simply add their scores into the total score of the college entrance examination and compare them.Therefore, it is necessary to convert the original scores of different subjects into graded scores in accordance with certain rules (the queuing order of the selected subjects remains unchanged after the conversion), so as to solve the problem that the original scores of the selected subjects are not comparable.What are the main differences between the national unified college entrance examination and the selective examination?One is the examination subject is different.The national unified examination subjects are Chinese, mathematics and foreign language, regardless of arts and science.Choose to take an examination of the subject is physics, chemistry, biology, thought politics, history, geography 6 subjects.Second, the subject of proposition is different.The whole country is unified examination course all is unified by education examination center proposition.Choose to take an examination of subject by my province organization proposition.Third, the examination time is different.The time for math and foreign language tests is 120 minutes, and the time for Chinese tests is 150 minutes.The selective examination is generally organized by the province, and the examination time of each subject shall be subject to the official documents issued by the province.Four is subject cent value is different.The national unified examination subject is worth 150 points for each subject.Choose to take an examination of the subject each branch score value is 100 points.