The Chinese character “China” originated from this national treasure
Baoji City Bronze Museum in Baoji City, there is a bronze statue with the same name as the “houmu Wu Big square ding”, the bottom of the inner wall of the bronze statue 122 inscriptions, record a zhou royal court, said to “live in the middle of the world” story.In the inscriptions, the word “China” appears for the first time on the artifacts, which is the first time that the name of our motherland, which every Chinese descendant is proud of, has come out in the history of the great five thousand years.It is such a statue called “national treasure” is not excessive cultural relics, has been reduced to scrap station and scrap iron company, suffered the erosion of wind and frost, even almost cast copper.It all started back in 1963.In June of that year, Chen Dui, a villager of Jia Village, Jia Cun town, Baoji County, rented Chen Guishan’s two rooms next door because he could not live in his old house. There was a 3-meter-high cliff behind the courtyard.In August a after the rain of the morning, Chen heap YuanTu cliff collapsed after a home, there’s a light at the end of the heap found on earth like Chen, so he and his wife hershaanxi by hand and small families planer, results in the collapse of soil on the cliff of dig out an odd bronze wares, the couple don’t understand the cultural relics appraisal, food was temporarily put it in the attic.The profile of He Zun, in the early Western Zhou Dynasty, 38.5cm in height, 29cm in diameter and 14.6kg in weight. Baoji Bronze Museum collection (Photo provided by Baoji Bronze Museum) The following year, Chen Dui and his wife had to go to another place for some reason. When they left, they left the bronze ware to their elder brother Chen Hu for safekeeping.In 1965, Chen Hu sold his younger brother’s bronzes to a waste collection station because of his living difficulties.The master of the waste collection station did not understand cultural relics, so he stored the iron lump together with other scrap iron and prepared to send it to the smelter.So, this did not recognize the “national treasure” almost and scrap iron melting back together.He zun on the “Tao Tie grain” God bless China, a month later, that is, in September 1965, baoji Museum a cadre called tong tai Fang saw this bronze in a scrap station, feel that there is a certain value, after reporting to the leadership, the museum to the price of 30 yuan will buy this bronze.According to preliminary identification by archaeologists, it is identified as a bronze wine vessel from the early Western Zhou Dynasty. It is 38.8cm high, 28.8cm in diameter and 14.6kg in weight. The relief on it is called “Tao Tie” (pronounced Tao Tie).In 1975, in order to commemorate the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Japan, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage held an exhibition of Chinese unearthed cultural relics in Japan. Mr. Ma Chengyuan, the director of Shanghai Museum and a famous bronze expert at that time, went to Beijing to organize preparations.After the examination and verification, Ma Chengyuan quickly collected 100 first-level cultural relics from all parts of the country, among them there is baoji unearthed this taotie grain copper honour.Ma Chengyuan had only heard of this bronze statue but had never seen it before. After seeing the real object, he looked at it several times and wondered why such a large object had no inscription.Then he rubbed his hand repeatedly on the inner wall and bottom of the bronze statue, and suddenly felt that somewhere on the bottom seemed to be engraved with words.He was very excited and immediately sent for removal of rust.▲ He inscription rubbings, “Zizi China” see from the left on the sixth line of the 4 words after removing the soil and rust, sure enough in the bottom of the bronze inscription found.Ma chengyuan was extremely happy and immediately made rubbings. After research, the inscription was determined to be 122 characters.These 122 words, opened 3000 years ago a story of the past: “China” Zhou Cheng king 5 April, a named “he” zhou royal officials, in the newly built Luoyi (Zhou Dynasty jin wen called “cheng Zhou”, “Wang City”) by the new residence of the king and reward.He cast this bronze statue with the reward he received to record this great honor.One of them is “Yu Qizaizi China”, which means “I want to live in the middle of the world”.This is the first time that the word “China” appears on an artifact as a phrase.At that time, the inscription “Zhong” is a waving flag, rising high.It reminds us of the five-star red flag flying on all important occasions today.At that time, the inscription “Guo” is a soldier holding a war, standing tall.Just like the soldiers of the Republic guarding peace today.China at that time was a small place name.Today’s China is home to more than one billion Chinese sons and daughters.Afterwards, Ma Chengyuan named it “He Zun”.Also because of this significant discovery, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage canceled he Zun’s exhibition in Japan.In 1998, baoji Bronze Museum was built and opened. Ma Chengyuan came to the museum upon invitation.When visiting the newly built Baoji Bronze Museum, he was introduced by the guide as “He Zun is the treasure of the museum”. He immediately pointed out: “It should be the treasure of the country, not just your museum.”In order to ensure the safety of cultural relics, in January 2002, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage issued the catalogue of cultural relics forbidden to go abroad for exhibition in the first batch, stipulating that 64 national treasures were forbidden to go abroad for exhibition permanently thereafter, and “He Zun” was one of them.He Zun, Western Zhou Dynasty/Hidden in Baoji Bronze Museum Today, “He Zun” is still preserved in baoji Bronze Museum for visitors to appreciate.Its great value, heavy if thousands of jun, the attention of the world, Chinese people should remember a country of great ware!