Huguan county unearthed a number of stone statues

2022-04-28 0 By

A batch of stone Statues unearthed in Huguan County Cultural Relics World 2002.03 Hougen Branch Changzhi City Museum In September 1988, a batch of stone statues were discovered by villagers of Xicun Village, Huguan County, Shanxi Province, when they were building houses in their courtyard and digging foundations.After receiving the report, the Changzhi Museum immediately sent people to the scene to investigate and recover all the stone statues.The stone statues are introduced as follows: No. 1, bluestone (head and right hand missing), the existing Buddha remains 89 centimeters high, 44 centimeters high.Inside the monk only support, outside the double collar pendant type cassock, the bottom lap lap at the left shoulder.The grain is in step shape.Sat cross-legged on a lotus girdle.Right arm up (has been disabled), left hand knee, xumitsu bottom for the treasure covered with lotus.The band waist is carved with the king of eight gods (Figure 1, 1).No. 2, bluestone (head and right hand missing), 67 cm high, seat 15 cm high, with monk’s only support, outside the double collar pendant type cassock, around the left arm to cover both knees, clothing pattern is step shape.Sat cross-legged on the lotus seat.Left hand stroked knee, right hand was disabled (Figure 1, 2).Number three, the bluestone monument.The upper end of the inscription arch, full height 74, 66 cm wide.In the middle of a carved sitting Buddha, two bodhisattvas on both sides.Buddha high bun, square face, slender eyes slightly closed, two ears hanging shoulder.Wearing a monk’s chandelier inside and a double-collared robe, he sat cross-legged on a square waist folded lotus seat.The right hand intrepid, left hand knee, xu Mi waist seat carved in the middle of a head.The two bodhisattvas wear lotus crowns on their heads and silk on their bodies. They are in double “U” shapes in front of them.The outer arm drooping silk, the inner arm holding lotus.Under the lower skirt, the barefoot barefoot stand on the lotus platform with its stem out. under the xumidasan, a god of earth is carved in the middle to carry the lotus pearl. On both sides, two lions squat, with head held high and tail raised, one forepaw raised upward, and behind the lion there is a strong diamond, which is symmetrical (FIG. 2, 1).Number four, the bluestone monument.The first boat shape of the monument, 73 high, 13 cm wide, the content of the statue is one Buddha and two Bodhisattvas, Buddha high hair bun, eyes slender and closed, face flat round, with a round collar monk only support, with double collar pendulous cassocks, pendulous part of the ring in front of the knee.With the right hand imprinting and the left hand stroking his knee, I sat cross-legged in the waist seat.The bodhisattva with two flanks, wearing a lotus crown on his head, with a long skirt tied around his waist and skirts hanging from his back to both sides, stands on a semicircular platform with one hand bent on his chest and the other drooping (FIG. 5, 2).The inscription on the front side of the tablet reads: “On November 28, the first year of The Year of Willinde (664), Wang MAO ‘an built a stone statue shop for his deceased parents, wishing that his family would know each other well.” (FIG. 3) The inscription on the right side reads: “When the deceased husband and wife always make offerings to The Buddha, the more his wife and liu make offerings to the Buddha.”The inscription on the left side reads: “When I wholeheartedly offer offerings to Buddha, Sun Nan’s name stands for when I wholeheartedly offer offerings to Buddha.”No. 5, bluestone, the head and right side of the monument were broken, with a height of 69 and a width of 30 centimeters. The statue style was the same as that of No. 4, with a cross-legged Buddha sitting cross-legged in the middle and a seated bodhisattva on the left.Buddha high hair bun, long eyes closed, face ellipse, inside the monk only branch, outside the robe.With a speech seal on the right hand and a wish seal on the left, I sat cross-legged in a lotus seat tucked back.Sumitomo beam waist carved a god will head.Bodhisattva wears a lotus crown and a full-length long skirt with a double “U” shape on her chest.The right hand bowed to the chest, the left hand drooped and folded, and the barefoot feet stood on the lotus platform outgrowing the stem.In the middle of the tablet is carved a lotus vase furnace, two lions squatting on both sides (the right lion has been disabled), the lion head, tail, right paw raised.Seat left carving force ± (Figure 2,3).6, bluestone monuments, statues, backlight on boat form, 55, 29.5 cm wide, high in the middle of sitting Buddha, both sides of two kucha, high meat bun, oval face, monk praying, within the outer cover with double led droop type cassock, left knee, right hand raised, “yoga sit cross legged in the square, has two kucha face, dressed in tunic frock, double elbow flexion his chest, his hands grip,Standing barefoot on the square seat (Figure 5, 1) front inscription “three years vertical arch (687) July 1 Buddha disciple Cheng Menglan mother Guo Rongzi for the dead father born to the West for the Emperor heaven □ seven generations of parents respect building disease a shop” (Figure 6).Li No. 7, bluestone with round arch arch forehead (top left).Full height 55, 39 cm wide, sitting as Buddha said dharma like, on both sides of the two flank shi Bodhisattva, Buddha face feng round, high bun, slender eyes, eyes slightly closed.Inside the monk branch, outside the robe on the right.The left hand is disabled, the right hand is the statement seal, (has disabled).Sat cross-legged on a lotus covered seat tied around the waist.The two bodhisattvas wear lotus crowns on their heads, with their faces full and round, long and slender eyebrows, and their eyes slightly closed. Their waist girdles hang down to their feet, and their skirts hang down to their waist on their shoulders.The bodhisattva with her outer hand drooping the flask and her left hand lifting a lotus bud. On the left bodhisattva (with her head mutilated), the barefoot stood on the lotus stand with its stem outgrown (FIG. 5, 3).Size 8, bluestone, round and arched, 47 by 29 cm.High relief Buddha statue, one Buddha and two Bodhisattvas, Buddha face full round, high hair bun, slender eyebrows, eyes slightly closed, inside the monk’s support, outside the double collar pendant type cassocks, draping, sitting.The left hand has been mutilated, the right hand is stamped.Around two threats shi bodhisattva, high bun, surface covering, long and thin eyebrows, eyes tight shut, neck collar, was a long stick put oneself dress and frame silks for double “before the abdominal U” form (figure 1, 3) 9, its stone monuments, statues, monuments, the first boat form, stele base have residual, 47, 33 cm wide, high in the middle of a sitting Buddha, both sides of two kucha, cracking cliff face round, long and thin eyebrows, eyes slightly closed, high meat bun,Inside the round collar just support, outside the double collar pendulous cassock, from the shoulder around the right arm lap between the waist.Pleats are simple, flat folding ladder.With his left knee pressed and his right hand clasped to his chest, he sat cross-legged on a square platform.The left and right bodhisatos, wearing lotus crown, round face, thin eyes and small mouth, willow leaves long eyebrows, topless, oblique draping, outer silk belt in the shape of “U”, under the sheep skirt (Figure 2, 2).No. 10, bluish gray stone statue monument, 47 high, 33 cm wide, the first boat shaped monument, one Buddha and two Bodhisattvas statue.With a round and round buddhist face, high spiral bun, eyes slightly closed, long leaf eyebrows with a small mouth, and a flat (disabled) nose, wearing a monk’s support inside and a double-collar pendulous cassock outside, I sat cross-legged in a rectangular Buddha seat with my right hand as a statement and my left hand on my knees.The statues of the two offering Bodhisattvas on both sides are the same as those of the benefactors of the Monument No. 9 in terms of face, crown and dress (Figure 2,4).The next inscription said: “Koukou Linde two years (665) year yichou 12 hundred Days Xu Shuo 22 ji you Buddha disciple Wang □ sheng jing built a stone statue of a shop, on the emperor’s holy endless, may all the people together back to blessing Buddha disciple Wang Kou gave birth to his wife Cow male a mouth wife cow male yuan □ wife Jin Pu is willing to offer Buddha” (Figure 4).No. 11 is made of bluish stone. The statue is 72 centimeters high and the lion is 29 centimeters high. The statue is manjusri bodhisattva, wearing a lotus crown on his head and hanging from behind his ears over his shoulders.Tie a long skirt around the waist.Robes of robes rolled around his shoulders under his arms between his knees, right arm bent over his chest (disabled), left hand pressed to his knees, and sat cross-legged in the lotus seat.The lion bears them.The lion’s back and lotus sockets are joined with rod sockets.With his head held high and tail raised, Zhang Ji roars, his eyes are round and staring, and his image is vivid and lifelike (Figure 5, 4).No. 12 is bluestone with a semicircular forehead (the top of the forehead has been damaged), 47 centimeters high and 29 centimeters wide, the same as no. 8 statue, with a Buddha carved in the middle and two bodhisattvas on both sides.Buddhist face and square, high meat bun, slender eyes, eyes slightly closed, with monk only support, outside the double collar pendulous cassock, lean sitting type.Left hand on knee, right hand up chest.Two bodhisattvas, high hair bun, slender eyebrows, two eyes closed, neck ornaments collar.With a full-length skirt underneath.The scarf was wrapped around the front abdomen, looped between the knees for two weeks until the shoulders fluttered to both sides, one hand bent over the chest, the other hanging straps.Stand barefoot on the platform.In the middle of the front of the seat is an inscription: “In the first year of Xianheng (670), on December 20 of gengwu, buddhist disciples Guo Chu and brother Youxin built a shop for their deceased parents.”Most of these stone statues are inscribed with chronological records and vows. Judging from the exact dates of the inscriptions on the four statues, the second year of Tang De (665), the first year of Linde (664), the first year of Xianheng (670) and the Third year of Hang Gong (687) are all early works of tang Dynasty.From several uninscribed statues, it is also a relic of the same period.The sculpture lines are smooth, the style of the early Tang dynasty.The common purpose of making vows is to make statues in memory of deceased parents and husband and wife.The unearthed site of these statues is located in Beixin Village, Huguan County.According to investigation, the south courtyard next to the unearthed site was originally a Buddhist temple, commonly known as “Qingliang Temple”.The temple was founded without examination, the early Tang Dynasty remains.But only a few ruins of Ming and Qing architecture remain.The burial of the statue may be related to the destruction of Buddha during the reign of Emperor Wuzong of tang Dynasty.The discovery of these statues has a certain reference value for investigating the buddhist history of Shangdang area in the early Tang Dynasty.Pen: Hou Genzhi Liu Baolin